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Project Notes

#060 File Locks

How to implement simple resource semaphores with file locks.

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Notes

For when we want to ensure that only one instance of a shell script can be run at the same time.

Operating system locks/semaphores can be used to traffic-light an operation. From a scripting environment, a utility must be used to get a lock - for example flock or man lockfile.

flock / lockfile

The flock utility should be available by default in most Linux distros. It used to be in MacOSX also, but not since at least Yosemite. On MacOSX, lockfile should be available though. The test script will look for either.

TestScript

The lock_n_load.sh script demonstrates locking with either flock parsing an invented syntax from an environment variable.

$ ./lock_n_load.sh & ./lock_n_load.sh
[27428] Locked
[27428] Doing something interesting here... Mon Oct  9 23:13:27 SGT 2017
[27428] Loaded
[27427] Locked
[27427] Doing something interesting here... Mon Oct  9 23:13:35 SGT 2017
[27427] Loaded
$

Credits and References

About LCK#24 Bash
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This page is a web-friendly rendering of my project notes shared in the LittleCodingKata GitHub repository.

LittleCodingKata is my collection of programming exercises, research and code toys broadly spanning things that relate to programming and software development (languages, frameworks and tools).

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